P.persicarifolia Dr Phadke
FAMILY : POLYGALACEAE
Polygala(Latin) means much milk. Cattle feeding on these plants are supposed to give more milk.
There are 17 genera and 900-1000 species around the world. 50 %of the plants are in genus Polygala.
It is a small cosmopolitan family of herbaceous plants, shrubs and small trees. Leaves are alternate, always simple, usually without stipules. Polygalas have Irregular flowers and superficially resembling Fabaceae.
Inflorescence and flowers:
Flowers are generally in spikes or racemes, each flower subtended by a bract and two bracteoles.
Sepals are 5 and unequal, two side sepals are often larger and coloured like petals. Uppermost sepal is keeled(Ridged in a way that resembles two connected petals or sepals. There are three petals united at base and the lower one boat shaped or saucer shaped -keel with a fringed crest; enclosing 8 stamens and a pistil style. Stamens are often fused by their filaments into a split sheath. Ovary of two fused carpels, 2 chambered, each chamber one seeded;
Fruits and the seeds:
Fruit is a capsule.
Examples: From Maharashtra
1. Leaves amplexicaul; flowers in spike; stamens 4-5; capsule toothed … Salomonia
1. Leaves not as above; flowers in racemes; stamens 8 capsule entire. … Polygala
2.Shrubs … P.arillata
3. Flowers Pink …P. bulbothrix
… P arvensis.
… P. Linarifolia